BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the current state of press freedom in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This document includes examples of press freedom violations and other threats that journalists face in their pursuit of the truth.
The Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, along with those of its constituent entities, explicitly state that the rights and freedoms outlined in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and its Protocols are directly applicable in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Additionally, these rights and freedoms take precedence over all other laws.
Defamation in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been decriminalised, while the Law on Free Access to Information mandates that authorities are obligated to grant citizens access to all information. This obligation applies without a priori excluding information falling under the purview of national or military security.
The main broadcasting services in Bosnia and Herzegovina receive funding from the state or entity budget, exposing them to increased political pressures. As the allocation of public funds to the media lacks transparency, the main obstacle to media freedom in the country remains their financial dependency.
The financial sustainability of media outlets in Bosnia and Herzegovina is intricately tied to the networks that link media owners with political and economic power centres and lobbyists.
Journalists in the country typically receive insufficient pay and frequently encounter various forms of pressure. Their challenging financial circumstances and dependence often result in complete subordination to political pressures, compromising professionalism and impartiality.
Read more facts on the state of press freedom in Bosnia and Herzegovina in our report.